網絡自由電子報|Free Internet Digest (Aug 2012)

電子報
Hong Kong
民間新聞網站「獨立媒體(香港)」辦公室8月8日遭4名戴口罩及手持鐵槌的「打手」上門搗亂,以鐵槌擊多部電腦後極速逃去。新聞組織、學者及立法會議員譴責暴行,指事件嚴重影響本港新聞及言論自由,希望警方盡快緝兇。
Four masked men marched into an online Independent Media’s office and smashed computers and a television before fleeing on 8 Aug. Journalists and scholars believed the incident was an attack on freedom of speech.
主場新聞:對付媒體的辦法
輔仁媒體特約技術總監羊羊,7月13日早上被警察手持法庭搜令抬走桌上電腦、平板電腦及手機,指其涉及上個月對兩個政府部門網站進行「達17秒」的拒絕服務攻擊,以涉嫌「不誠實使用電腦」拘捕,現在以一千元現金保釋候查,當日下午接受《花生日報》訪問。以下為訪問內容筆錄。
On July 13 2012, a group of police officers raided a Hong Kong activist, Yang Yang’s (screen name) home and took away his computer, server and cell phone. According to the police, he was under the allegation of Denial of Service (DOS) attack against two government websites earlier last month. However, Yang has denied the allegation, saying that he would never use his own computer for hacking activity.
《淫褻及不雅物品管制條例》對「淫褻」及「不雅」定義不清,以及對多元資訊的無理打壓為人詬病。自《條例》成立以來,促成了一班苦主。一班曾受條例所害的苦主,聯同一班關注淫審條例諮詢的十多個團體,出席《我要多元,不要洗眼!──聲援淫審苦主記者會》,訴說他們在惡法下的遭遇,並重申他們反對《條例》打壓自由的立場,堅持文化多元,維護自由表達的創作空間。
The Hong Kong government is having its second round of consultation in the review of the Control of Obscene and Indecent Articles Ordinance and the deadline for opinion submission is July 15, 2012.
In a press conference, representatives from 15 local NGOs pointed out that because of the vague definition of “indecency” (cannot be viewed by under 18) and “obscenity” (cannot be distributed) in the existing ordinance, the judgement of the committee members in the Obscene and Indecent Article Tribunal (OAT) has been highly inconsistent and subjective.
China
 
前美國國防部秘書長辦公室高級安全政策分析師米高•馬洛夫(Michael Maloof)在美國獨立新聞網(WND)撰文,引述一份報告指中國政府擁有約80%的全球通訊的滲透率,中國政府能夠進行遙距離的工業間諜活動。
A former Pentagon analyst reports the Chinese government has “pervasive access" to about 80 percent of the world’s communications, and it is looking currently to nail down the remaining 20 percent. Chinese companies Huawei and ZTE Corporation are reportedly to blame for the industrial espionage.
中國官方報章人民日報正式開通微博,即時引來逾15萬粉絲關注。這是否開誠布公的表現?
The Chinese Communist-Party controlled People’s Daily, a newspaper known for insufferable lockstep propaganda since its 1948 founding, has entered the age of social media. On July 22, the People’s Daily (@人民日报 ) sent its first tweet on Sina Weibo, China’s Twitter, and immediately showed netizens something they had not expected from the staid publication: Candor and humanity.
微博上,中國律師擔任起記者的角色,對庭審進行全方位報導,甚至在庭審進行即時直播。從“辯護人的麥克風音量比公訴人的小”、起訴書中出現錯別字這樣的細節,到對案件走勢的整體預測,律師們的言論覆蓋了有關案件的所有信 息。張磊律師(@青石律師)以每天一篇長日記的形式記錄庭審進展,這些長日記累計已超過三十萬字。在法庭辯論期間,律師們紛紛把自己的辯護詞發表在網路上。
On Weibo, the lawyers acted like professional journalists, covering all sorts of relevant information from details like “the prosecutors’ microphones are louder than the defense’s,” to typos in the indictment, to overall analyses of the case. Throughout the 47-day trial, the defense posted more than 1,000 tweets in total, some even giving real-time updates during the sessions.  Zhang Lei (@青石律师) documented the hearings by daily online journal entries, which exceeded a total of 300,000 Chinese characters (about 250,000 words in English). During the court debate, many even published their speeches of defense on Weibo.
International
 
互聯網絡公司收集用戶私隱圖利,一直為網民詬病。美國私隱倡議者正希望透過設立「禁止追蹤(Do Not Track)
 機制,保障用戶私隱,結果引來網絡公司強烈反對。本地對互聯網政策討論不多,網民更是常常處於被動狀態,任由網絡公司或服務供應商任意更改收集資料條款。 參考外國案例或對本地網絡倡議有裨益。Washington has proposed a “Do Not Track" mechanism that would give Internet users better control of their personal information. The measure has Internet firms facing off with privacy groups over how tough the rules should be.
版權持有人為維護經濟利益,打擊侵權行為的措施可謂層出不窮。美國則有組織建議設立「版(侵)權警告」系統,向非法下載的網民發出警告信,6次警告無效便可能削減上網速度,遭受民間強烈批評,計劃要無限期擱置。香港網民幾經艱辛才把「網絡廿三條」暫時拖下馬,世界版權政策的發展更不容忽視。
The proposed Copyright Alert System, in which U.S. Internet service providers would identify customers who download music or movies without authorization, has been roundly criticized as abusive. At first glance, the “six strikes" plan may seem scary, but the program’s sponsors insist that the rhetoric has been overblown.
統領海陸軍的國防部發出五張監控技術的合約,既提供黑客訓練,又賦予警察無搜查令下進入網絡用戶的實時數據位置,該國人民會否擔心政府權力過大?不小心便成為被監控對象?墨西哥傳媒最近揭露政府秘密購買技術合同,要求政府按《自由信息法》披露基本資料。
The Mexican government shelled out $4.6 billion pesos ($355 million USD) to expand Mexican domestic surveillance equipment over the past year. Secretariat of National Defense (Sedena) — the body that oversees Mexico’s Army and Air Force — awarded five surveillance contracts from March 2011 – 2012, without opening them up to bid. The contracts were for the procurement of devices capable of intercepting mobile phone and online communications. The classified contracts were allegedly leaked to Aristegui Noticias, a Mexican newspaper, by military sources.
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